It’s a huge decision to pick a repository hosting provider. The method you host your code will have a decisive influence on your performance. You will want to make sure that you choose the most suitable platform for your requirements and goals (and your team). Find below the details about Bitbucket vs GitHub.
If you’re like the majority of programmers, you’ll probably use Git for version control (VCS). On the other hand, it can be challenging to choose where to host the source code. Bitbucket and GitHub are the two most popular solutions, but how can you know which is the best?
In this essay, we’ll look at why choosing the correct development repository is so important. Following that, we’ll compare Bitbucket and GitHub.
Let’s get started!
Why is the right code repository system important for developers to pick?
The third-party programme that enhances your VCS is your repository hosting service (which in most cases is Git). Your choice of code repository could have a major influence on your process of development.
It affects your capacity to collaborate with other team members, as well as the efficiency of that process. It influences how your initiatives are monitored, measured and managed. There are several advantages and disadvantages to each code repository system. When comparing them, there are a few crucial things to keep in mind, including:
- VCS support
- Collaborator access
- Interface and usability
- Extensions and third-party integrations
- Pricing plans
Another important consideration is whether you want to use a public or private repository. Some platforms are more appropriate than others for specific situations, so you have to know what you will need in advance.
The two most popular sources for source code repositories are Bitbucket and GitHub. While they are comparable in many respects, there are a few critical distinctions to consider before determining which option is ideal for your development project requirements.
Bitbucket and GitHub introduction
Bitbucket and GitHub are hosting services that allow developers to create both public and private repositories. Bitbucket and GitHub have a lot in common in terms of functionality. You can use both to execute basic instructions such as:
- Creating and managing repositories
- Logging in using Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)
- Making pull requests
- Conducting code reviews
- Using inline editing and Markdown support
- Performing issue tracking
However, in order to really comprehend both platforms, it’s vital to examine what each platform has to offer.
Atlassian established Bitbucket in 2008 as a hosting solution for version control repositories. The Django web framework was used to create this Git repository management solution, which was written in Python:
Bitbucket’s built-in flexibility in terms of VCS support is one of its biggest selling points. It also offers limitless private Mercurial and Git code repositories.
Bitbucket also has a number of other features:
- Direct integration with Bamboo, Crucible, Jira, and Jenkins
- The ability to import repos from Codeplex, GoogleCode, Git, and SVN
- External authentication support for GitHub, Google, Facebook, and Twitter
- Heavy integration with Trello
- A Mac and Windows client (Sourcetree) and an Android app (Bitbeaker)
While Bitbucket can host open-source repositories, it is primarily aimed towards companies and organisations working on proprietary code. Bitbucket also provides a secure environment for your code, thanks to its Soc 2 Type 2 certification, which is a unique feature.
GitHub is the most popular development platform, with one of the world’s largest coding communities. It is commonly regarded as the hub for Git version control, with over 40 million members and 100 million repositories globally, and is the largest host of source code on the planet:
GitHub is an open-source repository hosting service founded in 2004 that was purchased by Microsoft in 2018. It’s written in Ruby and Erlang, with an emphasis on open source. It allows you to manage development projects, host and review code, and develop applications.
GitHub’s features include:
- GitHub Pages and GitHub Gist
- Support for Git and SVN (partially)
- Direct integration with Zendesk, Azure, Cloudbees, Google Cloud, Amazon, Code Climate, and Heroku
- Support for more than 200 languages
- GitHub Mac and Windows desktop clients
GitHub can be used for both personal and professional development initiatives. It offers unlimited free public repositories, one of the most attractive features of GitHub.
Bitbucket vs GitHub: Key Differences
The main difference between Bitbucket and GitHub is that the former is mostly for private deposits and the latter is the recommended way for public repositories. It doesn’t mean that both systems have advantages. GitHub can’t be used for private repositories or vice versa.
There are also a couple of little variances. For example, GitHub has an SVN-supporting desktop interface. Although Mercurial isn’t supported by Bitbucket, it supports it. Let’s look at a couple more factors for the two systems.
Extensions and Third-Party Integrations
There is a range of extensions and apps that can assist increase the functionality and usefulness of your repository hosting platform, from issue tracking to project management tools. You can choose from a variety of extensions and third-party integrations with Bitbucket and GitHub.
In terms of third-party integrations, Bitbucket has a numeric advantage over GitHub. This is due to the Atlassian market, which contains over 2300 apps for Bitbucket and other Atlassian products. It also features cross-product interoperability, which is beneficial to enterprise developers.
The GitHub Marketplace, on the other hand, has a plethora of apps and GitHub Actions that may help you automate and enhance the functionality of your development workflow.
Project management, monitoring, code quality, and other tasks can all be aided by these technologies. The majority of GitHub’s 92+ integrations are only available on the platform.
Another thing to think about while deciding between Bitbucket and GitHub is their user interfaces (UIs). After all, you want to be sure that the project management platform you choose is straightforward to use and navigate.
Bitbucket’s user interface is basic and well-organized, making it easy to traverse the dashboard and find what you’re looking for. Furthermore, the easy-to-use sidebar navigation makes finding what you need a breeze.
GitHub, on the other hand, has a user interface that isn’t unduly complicated. Its user interface, on the other hand, is a little more cluttered and complicated than Bitbuckets:
This dashboard can be a little more difficult to navigate and use if you’re not familiar with it. While it isn’t the most beautiful user interface, it isn’t lacking in functionality or utility.
Wikis and Boards
When comparing Bitbucket with GitHub, another point to consider is the wiki functionality. A wiki comes in helpful when it comes to collaborating and communicating with other team members and developers on your projects.
You can enable a wiki for each of your repositories in Bitbucket and specify whether they are public or private:
Unfortunately, unlike Bitbucket, GitHub does not allow free private repositories to establish their own wikis. Only the free public repositories are capable of doing so.
Bitbucket, on the other hand, does not have a Projects tab by default, whereas GitHub does. However, you may link your Bitbucket repository to Trello, which serves a similar purpose.
The Projects tab on GitHub has a built-in Kanban solution:
As a result, each initiative has its own board. Despite the fact that they don’t have as many features as Trello, their boards are sufficient for many planning and documentation needs.
You can allow users access to certain branches in both Bitbucket and GitHub.
Let’s imagine you don’t want a collaborator or team member to have full access to your repository. Instead, you can limit their access to a single branch by configuring the permissions.
Bitbucket benefits from GitHub because it includes this functionality free of charge in every plan. Although branch limits can be enabled free in public repositories at GitHub, only when you pay for a subscription plan may you enforce them on private repositories.
Support and Community
Bitbucket is developed primarily for companies and companies. The overwhelming majority of its clients are therefore using it for private storage. GitHub, on the other hand, is the largest site for publicly available code and, as a result, has a sizable open source community.
From a purely numerical sense, GitHub has a larger community involvement to tap onto than Bitbucket. GitHub is certainly the superior option if you want to reach as many developers as possible.
This isn’t to argue that Bitbucket isn’t supported or has a large community. It also provides online support in form of webinars, courses and a massive library of documentation. Not only does Bitbucket have a wide user base.
Because both Bitbucket and GitHub offer private and public repositories, pricing and, more precisely, what you get for that payment, may play a big role in your decision. Of course, whether you’re a large corporation, a freelancer, or a small team, your needs and resources will vary.
Let’s take a look at Bitbucket’s pricing. You can establish an infinite number of private and public repositories with up to five users on its free cloud hosting plan. This package offers 1 GB of Git large file storage (LFS), which can be used to store big non-text files. After that, monthly costs climb by $3 per user:
Bitbucket has a tiered pricing structure for self-managed hosting that is based on the number of users you have, with occasional savings. Prices for Bitbucket data centre business-level hosting begin at $1.980 for a 25 user group.
GitHub allows you to set up an unlimited number of public, private and user repositories. There is also 500 MB of storage included in the free plan.
The cost of a paid scheme begins at $4 a month. There are unlimited staff, public and private repositories, larger stocks, reminders, wikis and private repository websites to name a few. The cost of an Enterprise subscription starts at $21 per user per month:
GitHub One, the company’s enterprise-level pricing, isn’t publicly available and needs you to contact sales. In addition, GitHub does not have the self-managed hosting option provided by Bitbucket in its server centres.
Between Bitbucket and GitHub, deciding which platform to use to host your source code might be difficult. Taking a hard look at these well-known and well-established repository hosts, on the other hand, is a terrific place to start.
Both Bitbucket and GitHub, as we’ve seen, have distinct benefits that make them well-suited to specific types of development teams:
GitHub is a robust open-source platform that can handle personal or small team projects that you want to share with the public.
If you’re an organisation or business searching for a secure hosting service for your private, proprietary code, Bitbucket is a good option.
Now it’s your turn to weigh in on the Bitbucket vs. GitHub debate. Please share your thoughts in the comments box below!